Comparison of Clustering Algorithms on Air Quality Substances in Peninsular Malaysia

Authors

  • Sitti Sufiah Atirah Rosly Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus
  • Balkiah Moktar Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus
  • Muhamad Hasbullah Mohd Razali Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus

Keywords:

Air Quality, Clustering Algorithm, WEKA, k-mean, density based, expectation maximization

Abstract

Air quality is one of the most popular environmental problems in this globalization era. Air pollution is the poisonous air that comes from car emissions, smog, open burning, chemicals from factories and other particles and gases. This harmful air can give adverse effects to human health and the environment. In order to provide information which areas are better for the residents in Malaysia, cluster analysis is used to determine the areas that can be clustering together based on their a ir quality through several air quality substances. Monthly data from 37 monitoring stations in Peninsular Malaysia from the year 2013 to 2015 were used in this study. K - Means (KM) clustering algorithm, Expectation Maximization (EM) clustering algorithm and Density Based (DB) clustering algorithm have been chosen as the techniques to analyze the cluster analysis by utilizing the Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (WEKA) tools. Results show that K - means clustering algorithm is the best method among ot her algorithms due to its simplicity and time taken to build the model. The output of K - means clustering algorithm shows that it can cluster the area into two clusters, namely as cluster 0 and cluster 1. Clusters 0 consist of 16 monitoring stations and clu ster 1 consists of 36 monitoring stations in Peninsular Malaysia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2017-03-30

How to Cite

Rosly, S. S. A., Moktar, B., & Mohd Razali, M. H. (2017). Comparison of Clustering Algorithms on Air Quality Substances in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Computing Research and Innovation, 2(1), 36–44. Retrieved from //crinn.conferencehunter.com/index.php/jcrinn/article/view/28

Issue

Section

General Computing