Designing an IoT-based System to Detect the Out-of-pitch Balls in a Football Match


  • Muhammad Aniq Abqari Rahizad Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus
  • Tajul Rosli Razak Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus
  • Shukor Sanim Mohd Fauzi Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus
  • Ray Adderley JM Gining Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus
  • Mohammad Hafiz Ismail Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, Arau Campus



IoT-Based, Designing IoT, Ball out detection


The incorrect decision making that referee made during a football match is becoming unsatisfied game or biased game. The problem of how a decision made by the referee when coming to an error in football had been issues that being debate. The player or fans did not seem satisfied when referee decide such as a goal or no goal, penalty or no penalty, direct red card, and mistaken identity. Hence, there must be a plan to tackle the problem by using technology, especially in this era. Therefore, as an initial approach, this paper is focusing on developing a design for the ball out detection using the assistants of the IoT (Internet of Things). Correctly, the IoT approach was used for detecting the ball out of play, i.e. from a football match. Note that this proposed design was built based on data obtained from a survey questionnaire conducted with the experts in football and fans of football regarding the ball out of play system. The evaluation of the proposed design suggested that the proposed design promising to improve the decision-making made in the football match.  It is hoped that the study can contribute to the improvement of overall decision making by the referee when coming to ball out or other error that player made.


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How to Cite

Abqari Rahizad, . M. A., Razak, T. R., Mohd Fauzi, S. S. ., JM Gining, R. A. ., & Ismail, M. H. . (2020). Designing an IoT-based System to Detect the Out-of-pitch Balls in a Football Match. Journal of Computing Research and Innovation, 5(3), 34–42.



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