Augmentative Alternative Communication for Speech Delay Children with Gamifications
Keywords:speech delay, augmentative alternative communication, children, web-based system, gamifications
This paper discusses the development of an aided augmentative alternative communication (AAC) web-based system to assist speech delayed children between the age of four to nine years old that incorporates the gamifications techniques. The aim is to provide a set of strategies and techniques that can be used to support communications for children with communication needs. The research methodology used to develop the AAC web-based system with gamifications start with the preliminary investigation, proposing the framework of the prototype system that consists of two main modules, which are the speech recognition and spell session modules, design and development of the system and usability evaluation. The results of the usability testing that has been conducted to thirty speech delayed children showed that the ACC webbased system with gamifications have been proven satisfactory to support and assist speech delayed children in improving their speech and language learning.
Baldassarri, S., Marco, J., Cerezo, E., & Moreno, L. (2014, June). Accessibility evaluation of an alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) tool. In International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction (pp. 529-540). Springer, Cham.
Beukelman, D.R., & Light, J.C. (2020). Augmentative and alternative communication: Supporting children and adults with complex communication needs (5th ed.). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes
Citra Kunia Putri & Trisna Insan Noor. (2013). Game-based learning and intrinsic motivation. Analisis Pendapatan Dan Tingkat Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Petani, 53(9), 1689–1699.
Dada, S., Flores, C., Bastable, K. & Schlosser, R. W. (2020). The effects of augmentative and alternative communication interventions on the receptive language skills of children with developmental disabilities: A scoping review. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, (), 1–11. doi:10.1080/17549507.2020.1797165.
Edberg, E. & Gustafsson, I. (2017). Speech therapy and digital gamification services: Investigating the receptivity to digital gamification services within speech therapy treatment. Master of Science Thesis INDEK 2017:110 KTH Industrial Engineering and Management Industrial Management SE-100 44 STOCKHOLM.
Grossinho, A., Cavaco, S. & Magalhães, J. (2014). An interactive toolset for speech therapy. In Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (p. 36). ACM.
Kodirov, K., Kodirov, K. & Lee, Y. S. (2020). Implementation of web application based on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) method for People with Hearing and Speech Impairment, IEEE 2020 22nd International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 481–484. doi:10.23919/ICACT48636.2020.9061515.
Leung, A. K. C. & Kao, C. P. (1999). Evaluation and management of the child with speech delay. Am Fam Physician, 1999 Jun, 59(11):3121-8, 3135.
Lokhorst, S. (2014). The use of gamification in interventions for children with autism: A systematic review. Bachelor Thesis, University of Twente, Netherlands.
McLaughlin, M. (2011). Speech and language delay in children. Am Fam Physician, 83(10):1183-1188.
Mohamad, M. (2016). The use of mobile application to support speech delay children in Malaysia: A preliminary study. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Education, Vol. 1, 2016, pp. 7-13, doi:10.17501/icedu.2016.1102.
Murray, J. & Goldbart, J. (2009). Augmentative and alternative communication: A review of current issues. Paediatrics and Child Health 19:10. 464 – 468, doi:10.1016/j.paed.2009.05.003.
Otsimo (2017). What is augmentative alternative communication (AAC)? Retrieved January 28, 2019, from https://otsimo.com/en/what-aac/
Sundus, M. (2018). The impact of using gadgets on children, Journal of Depression and Anxiety, 7(1), 296.
Tan, K. L., & Yadav, H. (2008). Assessing the development of children with disability in Malaysia. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 63(3), 199-202.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Nora Yanti Che Jan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.